Lewis was a most improbable person to become the author of some of the 20th century's most influential books on Christianity. Lewis had rejected Christianity in his early teens and lived as an atheist through his 20s. Lewis spoke and wrote often of “joy,” a deep longing of the human heart this world cannot satisfy, and presented it as evidence for God. He went on to write six additional stories, and together the series came to be known as The Chronicles of Narnia. This is a dummy description. A prolific author and scholar whose intellectual contributions transcend the realm of children’s fantasy literature, Lewis is commonly read and studied as a significant theological figure in his own right. In what she and Lewis thought of as a miracle, her cancer went into a period of remission, allowing them several years of happiness together, until the cancer returned and she died, in July 1960. C. S. Lewis as Philosopher: Truth, Goodness, and Beauty (2nd Edition): Baggett, Associate Professor of Philosophy David, Habermas M.A. The posthumously published Letters to Malcolm: Chiefly on Prayer (1964), in which Lewis returned to the epistolary form, is a series of letters to an imaginary friend, Malcolm, dealing mostly with various kinds of, approaches to, problems arising from prayer, as well as other matters concerning liturgy, worship, and doctrine. Wiley-Blackwell For people who believe there is a God, doing the "sensible" and "human" things are possible because we have hope. Here’s the thing, reasoning and philosophy is different than how we think about other aspects of life to some extent. But his writings reflect his erudite understanding of the great classics of literature, historical theology, philosophy, and other disciplines. In this edition of Religion and Literature our focus will be on C. S. Lewis, one of the most widely read of 20th-century religious writers. Tolkien. Lewis’s father, Albert Lewis, was a solicitor, and his mother, Florence Hamilton Lewis, graduated from the Royal University of Ireland (now Queen’s University Belfast) at a time when it was not common for women to earn degrees. Chesterton, Flannery O'Connor, C. S. Lewis, Philip H. Phenix & Lewis Thomas - 1981 - Thinking: The Journal of Philosophy for Children 3 (2):24-26. He wa… Lewis's. He left it after a year to be prepped for the University of Oxford entrance exams by W.T. C.S. Andrew Davison, 66; citing letter to the Revd Henry Welbon, 18 September 1936 (unpublished; in the collection of the Marion Wade Center, Wheaton College, IL). Lewis believed so and also believed that he had a very good argument for convincing people to agree: if Jesus was not whom he claimed, then he must be a lunatic, a liar, or worse. COVID-19 Discipline-Specific Online Teaching Resources, Peer Review & Editorial Office Management, The Editor's Role: Development & Innovation, People In Research: Interviews & Inspiration. Those three novels, which form one of the earliest and best of science-fiction trilogies, centre on an English linguist named Elwin Ransom who voyages to Mars and Venus and becomes involved in a cosmic struggle between good and evil in the solar system. In point of fact, Lewis made it the cornerstone of his religious philosophy and the still-point around which much of his fiction turned. It is the least popular of his novels but the most highly praised by literary critics. His mother was Florence Augusta Lewis, née Hamilton (1862–1908), known as Flora, the daughter of Thomas Hamilton, a Church of Ireland priest, and great granddaughter of both Bishop Hugh Hamilton and John Staples. Late in life Lewis married Joy Davidman Gresham, an American who had become a Christian in part through reading Lewis’s books. From 1954 to 1963 he was professor of medieval and Renaissance English at the University of Cambridge. A movie poster depicting the protagonists of C.S. Lewis and Brave New World, test the depths of your literary knowledge by matching authors to novels in this quiz. Tolkien. The series, which describes the conflicts between good and evil that occur in the kingdom of Narnia, is unified by Aslan, a noble lion, which is the form in which the Son of God usually appears in Narnia. An Oxford don and former atheist who converted to Christianity in 1931, he gained a wide following during the 1940s as the author of a number of popular apologetic books such as Mere Christianity, Miracles, and The Problem of Pain in which he argued for the truth of Christianity. January 2018 Lewis’s philosophical thought, and its connection with his theological and literary work. This is an excellent critique of Lewis's rhetorical flourishes posing as serious philosophy. Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. Lewis - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), C.S. This is a dummy description. Lewis was something of a prodigy: he was reading by age three and by five had begun writing stories about a fantasy land populated by “dressed animals,” influenced by the stories of Beatrix Potter, which were being published as Lewis grew up. C. S. Lewis's List provides an innovative, detailed, and sympathetic engagement with Lewis that offers new vistas from which to gaze upon his life and work. Lewis (2014), and is co-editing the forthcoming Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Religion. The books were hugely popular, and numerous television and film adaptions appeared. C.S. Lewis.. Lyman Stebbins was brought up an Episcopalian, in a vaguely Christian way, and attended Yale College, from which he graduated in 1933. CS Lewis didn’t have a religious philosophy per se. As with any deeply-studied figure of religion or philosophy, C. S. Lewis also attracts criticism for some of his doctrinal positions. He became a fellow and tutor of Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1925, a position he held until 1954. He is the author of A Philosophical Walking Tour with C.S. Lewis By and 1922- Charles Rusell Courtney and 1922- Charles Rusell Courtney Topics: Lewis, C. S. (Clive Staples), 1898-1963. Michael Ward, “The Good serves the Better and Both the Best: C S Lewis on Imagination and Reason in Apologetics,” in Imaginative Apologetics: Theology, Philosophy and the Catholic Tradition, ed. C.S. Lewis was a literature scholar by profession; in the fields of philosophy and theology he described himself as a "very ordinary layman of the Church of England." How does C.S Lewis use symbolism in The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe to explain his religious beliefs? 224 Pages, The definitive exploration of C.S. Lewis is widely hailed as a literary giant, his seven-volume Chronicles of Narnia having sold over 65 million copies in print worldwide. Yet Lewis was one of the most popular and respected Christian authors of the 20th century. Kirkpatrick, whose tutoring enabled Lewis to win, in 1916, a scholarship in classics at University College. In his book “The Four Loves,” Lewis argued that divine love is the only form that enables a person to love without regard to self-interest. Colin Duriez, author of three books on Lewis, suggests that Lewis believed that to reach a post-Christian culture one needed to employ pre-Christian ideas. read more Out of the Silent Planet was followed by the equally successful Perelandra (1943) and That Hideous Strength (1945). C.S. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. He was certain that no one could seriously argue for or accept these … The Eagle and Child pub, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England. The two began a correspondence in 1950, while she was still married to writer William Gresham; by 1954 she and her husband, who had been unfaithful, were divorced, and she was living in England, becoming a close friend of Lewis. Explaining how C.S Lewis used symbolism in his book, The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe, to explain his religious beliefs. The religious philosophy of C.S. Writing in … Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. Lewis and H. Lyman Stebbins, was published for the first time in the magazine Lay Witness in commemoration of the centenary of the birth of the great writer, C.S. It and many of Lewis’s later books were read aloud and critiqued at meetings of the Inklings, a group of fellow writers who influenced him significantly. (The story of their relationship was fictionalized in Shadowlands, a 1985 made-for-television movie later revised for the stage [1989] and revised again into a film starring Anthony Hopkins and Debra Winger [1993].) Arguably one of the most influential writers of the twentieth century, C.S. Lewis and his older brother, Warren (“Warnie”), like their parents, were avid readers. The definitive exploration of C.S. Six months later she was diagnosed with advanced cancer. CS Lewis didn’t have a religious philosophy per se. All rights reserved. Updates? Lewis turned to theism in 1930 (although Lewis misdated it to 1929 in Surprised by Joy) and to Christianity in 1931, partly with the help of his close friend and devout Roman Catholic J.R.R. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Beversluis treats Lewis respectfully yet reveals how Lewis lacks the competence to deal with some important issue in the history of philosophy. Request permission to reuse content from this site, 2 The Thinking, Reasoning, and Sensing Soul 27, 2.2 Reasoning and the Falsity of Naturalism 30, 2.5 First‐ and Third‐Person Points of View 46, 2.7 Thought, Image, and the Immaterial 53, 4.4 Moral Value and Purpose for Acting 98, 4.9 Naturalism and Making Sense of Things 115, 4.10 Naturalism, Science, and Certitude 117, 5.5 Arguments Against Mental‐to‐Physical Causation 127, 6 The Grand Miracle, Death to Self, and Myth 143, 7.2 Supernaturalism versus Theistic Supernaturalism 160, 8.3 The Irrelevance of Possible Worlds 185, 8.5 Imaginative Metaphysics and Evolution 189, 8.6 Evil Before the Existence of Human Beings 192, “Goetz does an excellent job of bringing together, not only from the published works but also from the letters and unpublished manuscripts, the disparate remarks that Lewis makes on each topic that Goetz covers in this book. Would you like to change to the United States site? Corrections? It is warmly recommended to anyone with an interest in Lewis scholarship, the reception of texts, and the intersection of philosophy, literature, and religion.” Writer and scholar C.S. Granted, as I explained above, Lewis has a philosophy of religion that gives him a license to exercise his fictive impulses, insofar as he understands this as being a kind of truth-seeking endeavour. Lewis’s philosophical thought, and its connection with his theological and literary work. Peter J. Schakel received his B.A. For those who don't have that hope, no amount of toilet paper or cans of Spam stacked in the garage can make anyone truly safe, much less solve the ultimate question of meaning that haunts us all. Lewis (29 November 1898 - 22 November 1963) was a prolific writer, poet, scholar of English literature and defender of Christianity. Indeed, Lewis is so popular that a historical question comes along inevitably with our religious-literary questions: What is the significance of the Lewis phenomenon? Other books explaining and defending Christianity include Miracles: A Preliminary Study (1947), Reflections on the Psalms (1958), and The Four Loves (1960). C.S. Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. It has no survival value; rather it is one of those things which give value to survival. C.S. Lewis, C.S. His first scholarly book, The Allegory of Love: A Study in Medieval Tradition (1936), was highly praised and established his reputation as a leading figure in British literary studies. The third book is valued particularly for the way it presents in narrative form ideas about the importance to individuals and societies of belief in traditional objective values that Lewis had developed earlier in his nonfiction The Abolition of Man (1943). Selections of those early stories were collected in Boxen: The Imaginary World of the Young C.S. Lewis taught at Oxford University and became a renowned Christian apologist writer, using logic and philosophy to support the tenets of his faith. In 1950 Lewis published what has become his most widely known book, the children’s fantasy The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. Lewis at the same time was becoming known in literary circles, initially by publishing articles and book reviews. C. S. Lewis was one of the most influential Christian apologists of the 20th century. And where do we stand in relation to it? In early 1963 Lewis wrote his last book, Letters to Malcolm, and in the summer of 1963 he retired from his post at Cambridge, a few months before his death. In March 1957 they were married by an Anglican priest, who prayed that she would be healed. Arguably one of the most influential writers of the twentieth century, C.S. Tillyard, 1939), English Literature in the Sixteenth Century, Excluding Drama (1954), Studies in Words (1960), An Experiment in Criticism (1961), and The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature (1964). His works of greatest lasting fame may be The Chronicles of Narnia, a series of seven children’s books that have become classics of fantasy literature. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Very little learning occurred at the first of these, Wynyard School in Watford, outside London, overseen by a brutal authoritarian headmaster who was drifting into insanity. C. S. Lewis is an extremely good theologian who does his work for the thoughtful lay person. Reading and education were valued highly in the Lewis household. In 1969 he began teaching at Hope College, where he is the Peter C. and Emajean Cook... From Rudyard Kipling and The Great Gatsby to C.S. In the mid-20th century it served as the meeting place of the Inklings literary group, which included C.S. Omissions? A prolific author and scholar whose intellectual contributions transcend the realm … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). By comparison, he had hardly any reservations about pre-Christian pagan culture. Lewis is widely hailed as a literary giant, his seven-volume Chronicles of Narnia having sold over 65 million copies in print worldwide. Ph.D. Looks like you are currently in Spain but have requested a page in the United States site. Clive Staples Lewis was born in Belfast, Ireland, on 29 November 1898. “Joy” was a recurring experience for Lewis as a child and adolescent and came to him through nature, literature or music. Lewis described these changes in his autobiography Surprised by Joy (1955), an account of his spiritual and intellectual life through his early 30s. Among the most frequently mentioned are his views on the inerrancy of the Bible, the existence of a literal Adam and Eve, and eternal security. In each area we see Lewis innovating within the tradition. D.D., Gary R, Walls Ph.D., Professor of Philosophy of Religion Jerry L: 9780997682878: Books - Amazon.ca. Lewis says in Mere Christianity that theology is like a map. Lewis was himself an atheist for many years, after all, so it's understandable why this would make sense. Written in a scholarly yet accessible style, this short, engaging book makes a significant contribution to Lewis scholarship while remaining suitable for readers who have only read his stories, offering new insight into the intellectual life of this figure of enduring popular interest. Science looks at is. Lewis is the first book to develop a cohesive and holistic understanding of Lewis as a philosopher. Download Product Flyer is to download PDF in new tab. CDN$ 35.49. Lewis’s education was rescued by excellent teachers at Campbell College in Belfast, Cherbourg House in Malvern, and at Malvern College, though he did not fit the latter socially and was intensely unhappy there. It has parallels, but its not science. His father was Albert James Lewis (1863–1929), a solicitor whose father Richard had come to Ireland from Wales during the mid-19th century. Lewis and J.R.R. Lewis between 1942 and 1944, London publisher Geoffrey Bles published Mere Christianity over 65 years ago. Lewis. It became a best seller in Britain and the United States. Philosophy isn’t math, although logic has perhaps mathematical aspects. He has published over 60 articles, chapters, and reviews in philosophy and philosophy of religion journals, and co-authored A Brief History of the Soul (Wiley Blackwell, 2011). No categories Direct download (2 more) After receiving their early education at home, Lewis and his brother attended English boarding schools. Since the Lewis corpus is both large and diverse, he deserves the gratitude of every reader of Lewis for successfully completing this rather daunting task.” - David McNaughton, University of Edinburgh, Journal of Inklings Studies, Volume 9, Issue 2, November 2019. Despite his sharp intelligence and astonishing talent, he possessed the rare ability to translate complex concepts into simple terms that the "common man" can understand. In this groundbreaking project, Goetz explores how Lewis’s views on topics of lasting interest such as happiness, morality, the soul, human freedom, reason, and imagination shape his understanding of myth and his use of it in his own stories, establishing new connections between Lewis’s philosophical convictions and his wider body of published work. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. C.S. from Central College in Iowa and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Lewis (1985). C.S. Copyright © 2000-document.write(new Date().getFullYear()) by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., or related companies. Philosophy isn’t science. This is a dummy description. His first prose work to be published (except for some early scholarly articles) was The Pilgrim’s Regress: An Allegorical Apology for Christianity, Reason, and Romanticism (1933), an account of his search to find the source of the longings he experienced from his early years, which led him to an adult acceptance of the Christian faith. The Narnian chronicles were followed by his last work of fiction, the one he thought his best, Till We Have Faces: A Myth Retold (1956), a retelling of the myth of Cupid and Psyche from the viewpoint of one of Psyche’s sisters, whom Lewis names Orual. Lewis - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). What is often overlooked is that Lewis first loved and was academically trained in philosophy. The following correspondence, between C.S. Drawing from Lewis’s published writing and private correspondence, including unpublished materials, C.S. Lewis’s The Problem of Pain (1940) and four series of radio talks on the British Broadcasting Corporation during World War II (later collected as Mere Christianity, 1952) brought him wide recognition as a lay expositor of Christian beliefs. But those were far exceeded in popularity by The Screwtape Letters (1942), a work of epistolary fiction consisting of 31 letters in which an elderly, experienced devil named Screwtape instructs his junior, Wormwood, in the subtle art of tempting a young Christian convert. They can slip past the “watchful dragons” of reason to communicate Christian truths in a post-Christian culture and awaken sensations that make people feel and experience those truths. Philosophy isn’t math, although logic has perhaps mathematical aspects. Lewis - Friendship is unnecessary, like philosophy, like art, like the universe itself (for God did not need to create). This is a dummy description. Here’s the thing, reasoning and philosophy is different than how we think about other aspects of life to some extent. Mere Christianity. Lewis statue in Belfast, Northern Ireland. He believed that divine love was supernaturally implanted into humans by God, a phenomenon Lewis calls “the moral law.” Based on four sets of radio talks made by C.S. His first successful work of fiction was Out of the Silent Planet (1938), a novel into which Lewis wove Christian allusions and themes. Lewis described these changes in his autobiography Surprised by Joy (1955), an account of his spiritual and intellectual life through his early 30s. Lewis turned to theism in 1930 (although Lewis misdated it to 1929 in Surprised by Joy) and to Christianity in 1931, partly with the help of his close friend and devout Roman Catholic J.R.R. In this newest addition to the Blackwell Great Minds series, well-known philosopher and Lewis authority Stewart Goetz discusses Lewis’s philosophical thought and illustrates how it informs his theological and literary work. Lewis' words are just as relevant today as they were seven decades ago. Clerk, Lewis published A Grief Observed (1961), in which he poured out his sorrow and spiritual doubt and outlined the stages he went through in his grief process. Under the name N.W. S. Lewis—The Work of Christ Revealed focuses on three doctrines or aspects of Lewis’s theology and philosophy: his doctrine of Scripture, his famous mad, bad, or God argument, and his doctrine of christological prefigurement. After serving in France with the Somerset Light Infantry in World War I, he began his studies at Oxford and achieved an outstanding record, taking a double first in Honours Moderations (Greek and Latin texts) and Greats (classical history and philosophy) and then staying on for an additional first in English language and literature, completing it in one year instead of the usual three. Lewis argued this longing is common to all mankind. Stewart Goetz is Professor of Philosophy at Ursinus College, and is a visiting scholar at St. Peter's College, Oxford. They wed in a secret civil ceremony in April 1956 to give her the legal right to remain in England. One of the best proponents of this argument in the last century was C.S. Lewis is often described as an "apostle" to the skeptics - that he somehow has a special affinity for the arguments, sensibilities, and perspectives of religious doubters and can, therefore, more easily reach them than other apologists. He had an elder brother, Warren Hamilton Lewis(known as "Warnie"). Later books on literature include A Preface to Paradise Lost (1942), The Personal Heresy: A Controversy (with E.M.W. Tolkien. ISBN: 978-1-119-19001-1 Lewis, in full Clive Staples Lewis, (born November 29, 1898, Belfast, Ireland [now in Northern Ireland]—died November 22, 1963, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England), Irish-born scholar, novelist, and author of about 40 books, many of them on Christian apologetics, including The Screwtape Letters and Mere Christianity. In his youth Lewis aspired to become a notable poet, but after his first publications—a collection of lyric verse (Spirits in Bondage) in 1919 and a long narrative poem (Dymer) in 1926, both published under the name Clive Hamilton—attracted little attention, he turned to scholarly writing and prose fiction. Lewis differentiated between unconditional divine love and the lower forms of love. Thus, filmmakers can employ Lewis’s views of myth, thereby using Kierkegaard’s philosophy of indirect communication. From age 15 to 31, he was a confirmed atheist. Lewis disliked modernity, which he regarded as mechanized and sterile and cut off from natural ties to the world. C.s. https://www.britannica.com/biography/C-S-Lewis, PBS - The Question of God - The Life of C.S.

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